Hypothetical modality

grammaticalisation in an L2 dialect by Debra Ziegeler

Publisher: J. Benjamins Pub. in Amsterdam, Philadelphia

Written in English
Cover of: Hypothetical modality | Debra Ziegeler
Published: Pages: 287 Downloads: 382
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  • Modality (Linguistics),
  • Grammar, Comparative and general -- Grammaticalization.,
  • English language -- Grammaticalization.,
  • English language -- Modality.,
  • Second language acquisition.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. [259]-278) and indexes.

StatementDebra Ziegeler.
SeriesStudies in language companion series,, v. 51
LC ClassificationsP299.M6 Z54 2000
The Physical Object
Paginationxx, 287 p. ;
Number of Pages287
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL118086M
ISBN 101556199376
LC Control Number99462178

  You may have come across the terms mood and modality and wondered what is the difference between them. Mood is a grammatical notion, whereas modality is a semantic notion relating to such concepts as 'possibility', 'necessity', 'permission', 'obligation', etc. Traditionally, modality is said to be implemented grammatically through three moods namely indicative, imperative and subjunctive.   "[Modality] is what makes the difference between a factual assertion like unicorns never existed, and a more guarded view, such as it seems unlikely that unicorns could ever have existed—or a bolder claim like the existence of unicorns must always have been a myth.. Modality, then, is a resource speakers and writers use when they are staking claims to knowledge: it allows them to formulate Author: Richard Nordquist. Whether the development of epistemic modality out of root modality is indeed an instance of metaphorization (Johnson 48 – 61; Sweetser ; Pelyvás , ) is a matter ofAuthor: Tanja Mortelmans. On Epistemic Modality kore-o mi-tara, okoru-daroo. this-ACC see-if, angry -would 'Ifhe saw this now, he would be angry.' This sentence is a hypothetical conditional, which implies that he isn't here now, so he cannot see this, and that therefore, his anger is irreal. The epistemic modal daroo 'would'File Size: 2MB.

—On one hand, you have pretty much the entire world hunting you down. On the other, you have $80 million to help you disappear. u/Shortypants The entire population of US is secretly incepted with knowledge that: *there is one major secret organization that controls everything. *the message being incepted to them was from aliens. modality [mo-dal´ĭ-te] 1. in homeopathy, a condition that modifies drug action; a condition under which symptoms develop, becoming better or worse. 2. a method of application of, or the employment of, any therapeutic agent; limited usually to physical agents. 3. a specific sensory entity, such as taste. modality (mō-dal'i-tē), Avoid the. A Grammar of Lele is the first book ever written on Lele, an endangered language spoken in the Republic of Chad. The language belongs to the Chadic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family, whose other members are Semitic, Egyptian, Cushitic, Omotic, and Berber. 1. Individuals and Worlds. In order to explain Leibniz's modal metaphysics—the metaphysics of necessity, contingency, and possibility—we must look first at the foundation of Leibniz's system more generally: his conception of an individual §8 of the Discourse on Metaphysics, Leibniz presents his classic picture, writing. The nature of an individual substance or of a complete.

• The car insurance for a hypothetical family with two cars and three drivers would be $3, a year. • Theoretical explanations in the sciences tend to be of an essentially hypothetical nature. hypothetical situation/example/question • A calculation of this sort may be illustrated by . There are several modalities of treatment: individual therapy, group therapy, couples therapy, and family therapy are the most common. In an individual therapy session, a client works one-on-one with a trained therapist. In group therapy, usually 5–10 people meet with a trained group therapist to discuss a common issue (e.g., divorce, grief. Modality affects the structural complexity of a discourse structure: the negativity apparent at the Pronoun position was an effect of the Hypothetical context that characterized the Cited by: 31 Modality 32 Conditionals and hypothetical meaning 33 Language functions 34 The noun phrase 35 The sounds of English 36 Stress, rhythm and intonation 37 Teaching pronunciation 38 Vocabulary 39 Text grammar D Professional development 40 Professional development and finding a job Teaching practice File Size: KB.

Hypothetical modality by Debra Ziegeler Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book marks a new development in the field of grammaticalisation studies, in that it extends the field of grammaticalisation studies from relatively homogeneous languages to those possessing well-established and institutionalised second language varieties. In Hypothetical Modality, special reference is made to Singaporean English, a native-speaker L2 dialect of considerable Cited by:   The book is to be recommended for bridging grammaticalisation and contact studies.

It also has much to offer to anyone specifically interested in the phenomenon of hypothetical modality.” Lionel Wee, Singapore in English World-WidePages: ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xx, pages ; 23 cm. Contents: Ch. Introduction --Ch. etical modality as a grammatical category The grammatical derivation of hypothetical meaning A principle for determining the grammatical basis of hypothetical meaning --Ch.

3.A diachronic corpus study of would. Get this from a library. Hypothetical modality: grammaticalisation in an L2 dialect. [Debra Ziegeler] -- This book marks a new development in the field of Hypothetical modality book studies, in that it extends the field of grammaticalisation studies from relatively homogeneous languages to those possessing.

Subtitled ‘Serious Scientific Answers to Absurd Hypothetical Questions’, this book is as entertaining as it is informative. The author is at pains to inform readers that, although he has a degree in physics, he works as the owner/creator of a webcomic, XKCD, he also warns that he is less interested in health and safety than in exploring how /5(K).

In linguistics, modality is a system of linguistic options that allows for expressing a speaker's general intentions (or illocutionary point) as well as the speaker's belief as to whether the proposition expressed is true, obligatory, desirable, or actual.

Modal options Hypothetical modality book be realized by word order (), modal auxiliaries and modal mes, the term mood is used to refer to both mood. Epistemic modality is a sub-type of linguistic modality that deals with a speaker's evaluation/judgment of, degree of confidence in, or belief of the knowledge upon which a proposition is based.

In other words, epistemic modality refers to the way speakers communicate their doubts, certainties, and guesses—their "modes of knowing".

In addition, the book defines pragmatic approaches to the understanding of hypothetical modality, in both diachronic and synchronic terms. Metaphysics, Meaning, and Modality Mircea Dumitru — Literary Practice, Modality, and Distance One thesis of my book is that the rhetorical patterning of Plato’s Republic expresses, the hypothetical modality of the initial supposition can cast a persistent attitude of uncertainty over subsequent claims and conclusions.

Global Modality in the Republic. Hypothetical definition is - involving or being based on a suggested idea or theory: being or involving a hypothesis: conjectural. How to use hypothetical in a sentence. FREE Hypothetical 5-Cross Pedigree with Interactive Nicking #10N To select the sire of the hypothetical foal: Enter either a sire's name; sire's name & YOB; or YOB and dam of the sire.

Define hypothetical. hypothetical synonyms, hypothetical pronunciation, hypothetical translation, English dictionary definition of hypothetical. adj. also hypothetic 1. Of, relating to, or based on a hypothesis: a hypothetical situation.

Since the publication of F. Palmer's first edition of Mood and Modality inwhen the topic of 'modality' was fairly unfamiliar, there has been considerable interest in the subject as well as in grammatical typology in by: This volume brings together a collection of 18 papers that look into the expression of modality in the grammars of natural languages, with an emphasis on its manifestations in naturally occurring discourse.

Though the individual contributions reflect a diversity of languages, of synchronic and diachronic foci, and of theoretical orientations all within the broad domain of functional. SIL Electronic Book Reviews Mood and modality (2nd edition) By F.

Palmer Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics. New York: Cambridge University Press, Pp. hardback $, paperback $ ISBN (hardback), (paperback).

Reviewed by. Written in the midst of the recordings of Father John Misty's first LP album "Fear Fun," Mostly Hypothetical Mountains is an experimental novella by Josh Tillman. Never published and accessible only in the album's broadsheets and via online blog, it is a non-linear, multi-format, adventure-satire attempting to dismantle the infrastructure of ownership, as told by several/5.

Debra Ziegeler has been working on modality, on the topic of hypothetical and counterfactual modality, since before attaining her PhD in Her publications include a range of papers on modal verbs and counterfactual adverbs in English, in journals such as Studies in Language, Language Sciences, Journal of Historical Pragmatics, and Journal Cited by: 2.

Hypothetical Condition The Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) defines a hypothetical condition as: “A condition, directly related to a specific assignment, which is contrary to what is known by the appraiser to exist on the effective date of the assignment results, but is used for the purpose of analysis.” In essence, a Hypothetical Condition is something contrary.

Hypothetical propositions are essentially concerned with the logical relations between propositions, or sets of propositions. This area of Logic is therefore quite important, as it constitutes a self-analysis of the science, to a great extent — the ‘logic of logic’.

Modeling Legal Argument provides a comprehensive treatment of case-based reasoning and a detailed description of a computer program called Hypo, that models the way attorneys argue with cases, real and program offers significant advantages over "keyword" case retrieval systems in the legal field and demonstrates how to design expert systems that assist the user by presenting Cited by: In book: The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood, Publisher: Oxford University Press, Editors: Nuyts Jan and Johan van der Auwera, pp Cite this publication Karin AijmerAuthor: Karin Aijmer.

modality meaning: 1. a particular way of doing or experiencing something: 2. the meaning expressed by modal verbs 3. Learn more. Mood in English and other languages has been defined as the inflectional expression of the grammatical categories of the indicative and subjunctive, categories which originally were distinguished in the need to discern fact (indicative) from non-fact (subjunctive).

Modality, on the other hand, was a term used by Palmer () to refer to the semantics of : Debra Ziegler. This volume presents two kinds of studies on English modality.

On the one hand, there are strongly empirical, corpus-based studies of individual uses of English modal auxiliaries and modal constructions, such as may in interrogatives, might in concessive clauses, shall and may vs must in legal English, the use of surprised if and surprising if constructions, the use and history of adhortative.

A BRIEF GLOSSARY OF MODALITY. by Richard Dury. adverbs: adverbs can be 'harmonic' (reinforce the modality of the auxiliary), or can modify the modality in a different direction (perhaps we could The same is true of adjectival and nominal expressions. Verb phrases (matrix verbs in main clauses (I think that) can also have a similar or different modality from a modal verb in the.

Review of “Hypothetical Modality. Grammaticalisation in an L2 Dialect” by Debra Ziegler Author(s): Review of “Hypothetical Modality. Grammaticalisation in an L2 Dialect” by Debra Ziegler, Page 1 of 1 Book Review Most Cited This Month Diachronic speech act analysis: Insults from flyting to flaming Author: Roberta Facchinetti.

Conditional verbs are typically formed when a clause in the sentence contains the word if, and the action of the sentence depends on the condition established by this auxiliary verbs (such as can, will, would, shall, should, and could) are often used to help indicate the tense and intention of the verbs in the conditional or resulting clause(s).

Modality in subordinate clauses 3 types of subordinate clause Nominal clauses Adverbial clause Relative clause Đặng Thị Ngọc SUMARRY • Definition of Modality: Modality is the non – propositional part of the sentence which concerns its factual status.

; and an examination of their contents makes it evident that, though the last two groups are unmistakably derived from E, they cannot have formed part of the original "Book of the Covenant"; for the "judgments," which are expressed in a hypothetical form, consist of a.

Modality - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /.pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. modality. or hypothetical reasoning” [OED ]) at different linguistic levels (i.e., lexical, mor-phological and syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and prosodic).

Negation and modality (a category of linguistic meaning underlying the expression of possibility and necessity [Fintel ]) are two of the most discussed phenomena within linguistics, and more.modality, does not contribute to truth-conditional content.

In this paper I challenge this view. I reanalyze a variety of arguments which have been used in support of the non-truth-conditional view and show that they can be handled on an alternative analysis of epistemic modality.MODALITY: A CONCEPT OF THE ENGLISH GRAMMAR Elena Mărăscu Assist.

Prof., PhD, University of Craiova Abstract: ‘Modality is the semantic domain, closely related to elements of meaning that languages express.

It covers a broad range of semantic nuances, flavors – File Size: KB.